In the 1990s, the Old City of Hebron was regarded as the poorest part of Hebron. It suffered from social and economic problems, in addition to environmental pollution. More than a third of its buildings were desolate, abandoned, or crumbling; infrastructure was lacking. Israeli soldiers and settlers harassed the occupants. Closures, curfews, and shortages caused residents to leave, bringing commerce almost to a halt.

In the face of this discouragement, a Presidential Decree was issued on 12 August 1996, ordering the creation of Hebron Rehabilitation Committee with members from the District’s institutions and establishments. This initiative acknowledged Hebron’s religious and cultural status and recognized the determination of the people of Hebron. Since the creation of HRC, the old city of Hebron has seen a revitalization of population and an increase in the economic and cultural livelihood of the area.